Wednesday, February 27, 2019

Grand Theory Written Assignment Essay

A grand opening is a systematic tress for the nature of plow for that has a clear mission and tendencys for breast feeding care. in that respect are four categories of prepares of thought within the realm of grand theories to accept necessitate theories, interaction theories, outcome theories, and lastly caring/becoming theories. In the following tables I beat highlighted a theorist from each domesticate of thought and briefly discussed their educational background, my perception of their definition and philosophy of nursing, and the tendency/purpose of their opening.Needs theorist Faye AbdellahEducational BackgroundFaye Abdellah received her nursing education at Fitkin Memorial Hospital School of nursing, Nepture, N.J. and graduated in 1942. She then went on to study chemistry at Rutgers University earlier to receiving her knight bachelor of Science, Master of Arts, and Doctor of Education peaks from the Teachers College of Columbia University, N.Y. Retrieved from http// of nursingAccording to Meleis, her philosophy of nursing includes the use of task resolve approach to deal with 21 distinct fusss related to involve of patients. She described a fuss as a condition go about by the patient for which a wet-nurse privy assist, overtly and covertly. This is through with(p) by preventative care (to include hygiene, safety, exercise, rest, sleep, and body mechanics), sustenal care (psychological), bettering care (oxygen, fluid, nutrition, and elimination), and fin eithery restorative care (coping with the unwellness and life adjustment). Meleis, A.I. (2012), p. 162-164. commentary of nursingNursing is based on an cheat and science that moulds the attitudes, rational competencies, and technical skills of the individual nurse into the desire and ability to help people, redact or well, cope with their healthneeds as stated by Faye Abdellah in her Twenty-one Nursing Problems theory (1960).Goal/purpose of theoryTo help the individual or patient meet health needs and adjust to their health problems. Meleis, A.I. (2012), p. 164.Interaction theorist Hildegard PeplauEducational BackgroundHildegard Peplau graduated from the diploma nursing program Pottstget, PA in 1931 and went on to be a staff nurse. Peplau then was recommended to work as a school nurse at Bennington College located in Vermont. While working thither she earned her Bachelors Degree in Interpersonal psychological science in 1943. From there she went on to earn her Masters and doctoral degrees from Teachers College of Columbia University. In addition she became certified in psychoanalysis thru the William Alanson White Institution of New York City. Retrieved from http// of nursingPeplaus philosophy of nursing focused on harnessing energy psychological disturbances much(prenominal)(prenominal) as anxiety and tension to define see to iting with patients and deal with the problem at hand. She felt the purposes of nursing included developing patients personalities to make illness an eventful experience. She felt nurses need to develop problem-solving skills via the interpersonal process (educational, therapeutic, and collaborative). explanation of nursingPeplaus concept and view of nursing is that it is a therapeutic, interpersonal, destruction oriented process that is a healing art. It involves recognizing and assisting the patient (individual who is ill or in need of health care) in achieving a common goal. This requires the nurse and patient to build a trusting family relationship by appearance of orientation, identification, exploitation, and resolution (the phases of growing an interpersonal relationship). Meleis, A.I. (2012), p. 165-166. She identified the many posts that nurses essential(prenominal) state in order to have a meaningful relationship withpatients and that nurses must understand the relationship to provide good care.Goal/purpose of theoryThe ultimate goal of Peplaus theory was to understand the principles of interpersonal relationships amid the nurse and patient in order to facilitate problem solving skills. This is to be through with(p) by using education and positive interactions. She went on to explain the seven nursing roles (stranger, resource, teacher, counselor, surrogate, and technical expert). These roles can be utilise in different situations to provide the best care possible and goal mintment. Retrieved from http// theorist Callista RoyEducational BackgroundSister Callista Roy graduated with her first degree Bachelor of Arts in Nursing from Mount St. Marys College in California in 1963. Then in 1966, she went on to notice her Masters Degree in Pediatric Nursing from the University of California. In addition she earned a Masters Degree in Sociology in 1 973 and Doctoratal degree in Sociology in 1977. Retrieved from http// of nursingFrom what I can see from Roys writings she believes that the focus of nursing to her is a focus on nodes stimuli and the effect it has on them for adaptation. Adaption modes include physiologic, self-concept, role function, and interdependence. Goals of nursing include promoting these changes/adaption in the above mentioned areas by way of manipulating the stimuli (focal, residual, and contextual) by way of positive coping. ). Meleis, A.I. (2012), p. 169-172.Definition of nursingCallista Roy is k straight offn to believe that nursing is a system of knowledge based on theory that views the guest (sick or potentially sick) as a biopsychosocial being. Clients adapt to changes within their purlieu and as nurses we provide care through the nursing process to help promoteadaption to state of well-being. In order to do this we must visuali ze that the client have effective coping mechanisms and responses to avoid disruption in the integrity of the client.Goal/purpose of theoryThe goal and purpose of Roys theory is to promote client adaptation by nursing interventions such as facilitation of adaptive tasks via counseling, effective nurse-client communication, health education, active manipulation, support, and by identifying resources for the client. Roy states that by adapting that the patient is then freed for him to respond to other stimuli which may be throw The Roy adaptation model Comment (as sited by Meleis, A.I. (2012), p. 494.Caring/Human beseeming theorist Rosemarie analyseEducational BackgroundRosemarie Parse initially was ameliorate at Duquesne University of Pittsburgh. She then went on to get her MSN and Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh.Philosophy of nursingThe goal of nursing to Parse appears to be co-creating meaning and finding way of being. This is done by not focusing on the illness or prob lem in itself, save by transforming in new ways intentionally through the human universe process. Nurses are to illuminate meaning, synchronize rhythms and call up transcendence by connecting and truly understanding and being present with patients. decisiveness making is done together with the patient and nurse. Meleis, A.I. (2012), p. 172-174.Definition of nursingParses definition of nursing is that it is a human science and art that uses knowledge to help people. Nurses should not focus on fixing problems, plainly rather view the patient as a whole animated experiences through their environment which help them evolve. She believes that nurses must help guide patients co-create their own health and deal with illness.Goal/purpose of theoryThe goal or purpose of Parses Human Becoming Theory of Nursing is to focus of the quality of life from each separate persons perspective. It does not focus on bio-medical or bio-psycho-social-spiritual approaches as with mosttheories, only ins tead views the patient as a person and combination of all aspects. Retrieved from http// agree with all of the above listed schools of thought and have embodied each in my own personal nursing care enforce. Abdellah thoughts that nursing is centered on problem solving on the needs of patients in order to assist them in restoring health are near and undecomposed to my heart. Depending on the field you work in this can include a multitude of cares. I in person work mainly in tocology and medical aesthetics.In the obstetric realm I provide care to help patients have a happy and healthy delivery of a child whereas in my medical spa my goal is help clients alter their aesthetic appearance, thus helping them feel more attractive and confident. two have a goal, although widely different. This school of thought mostly is coordinated in my obstetric care as I assist patients to understand and incorporate preventative care, sustenal care, remedial care, and obviously restorative care as becoming a parent is a huge adjustment in life.Peplau brought out the greatness of building a therapeutic interpersonal relationship with patients in order to facilitate their skills in coping with the problem at hand. Peplaus interaction school of thought is also very harmonious with my nursing philosophy as I feel it is of upmost importance to build a solid trusting interpersonal relationship with patients/clients no matter what area of nursing one is working in. Without doing so, the patient/client will not believe and trust what we are trying to process with them. The event of birthing a child and learning how to care for them is a very personal process where the nurse-client relationship is of upmost importance. Also in aesthetics the client must feel comfortable with me as a nurse in order to trust me in helping them attain their goals.Roys theory is seeding in the outcomes school of thought which is also wel l-off to incorporate into nursing care as adaption is required with all processes of life. As nurses we truly do help our clients adapt to their healthstatus and can assist them to become able to care for themselves independently. In obstetrics parents must adapt to having and caring for a newborn infant. The mother has been thru months of adaption to being pregnant, and now must instantly step into a new role that is lots times scary and confusing As a nurse I am responsible to ensure that they are prepared and adapting to this change prior to discharge.Lastly the caring/human becoming school of thought is belike the most utilized type of grand theory that I personally use. Parse points out that we should not focus on fixing the problem, but concentrate on the whole of the patient including experiences lived and how this has helped them evolve. Basically we must call back of the patients quality of life, especially from the patients point of view. This can be applied in all fiel ds of nursing as we strive to help patients have the quality of life that they want and deserve.In conclusion Id like to think that as a nurse I practice from a variety of theories to incorporate the best, quality care possible for patients no matter what the purpose of treatment may be. I try to edit my approaches taking into account their medical history, environment, and family. Nursing is ever changing and so is the patient population. We must as nurses continue to educate ourselves and evolve with time, never becoming stagnant.ReferencesAbdellah, F. G., Beland, I. I., Martin, A., & Matheney, R. V. (1960). Patient-centered approaches in nursing. New York Macmillan. Meleis, A.I. (2012). Theoretical Nursing Development & Progress, fifth part Edition. Philadelphia, PA Wolters Kluwer Health Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. http// http// http//nurs http// http//

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