The help virus is cardinal of the about deadly and approximately wide spread diseases in the modern era. The disease was first localise down in 1981 as doctors around the United States began to topic groups of young, homosexual men exploitation a old pneumonia caused by an beingness called Penumocystis carini. These patients then went on to develop many other saucy and rare complications that had previously been seen nevertheless in patients with severely damaged insubordinate governing bodys. The marrow for affection Control in the United States haved this sweet epidemic the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and delimit it by a specific restore of symptoms. In 1983, researchers in shoemakers last identified the virus that caused AIDS. They caused the virus the forgiving immunodeficiency virus, or HIV. AIDS causes the immune organization of the infected patient to generate much less efficient until it stops whole work altogether. Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â The first drug that was sanction by the American maintenance and Drug administration for use in treating the AIDS virus is called AZT, which stands for azido-thymidine. AZT was released chthonian the brand name of zidovudine and its chemical name is Zidovudine, or ZDV. The structural name of AZT is 3-azido-3- deoxythymidine. AZT works by inhibiting the process of indite DNA in cells.
More specifically, AZT, inhibits the rick transcriptase enzyme, which is involved in the DNA replication process. When DNA is replicating in a cell, there is a specific enzyme that works on one side of the passkey DNA strand as the DNA is split into two strands, write each individual nucleotide. This enzyme is solitary(prenominal) able to work in one direction along the nucleotide string, and then a different enzyme, or rather a serial of different enzymes is required to work in the opposite direction. Reverse transcriptase is one of the enzymes that is required to work in... If you poverty to get a sound essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com
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