Thursday, June 6, 2019
Leadership Approach Essay Example for Free
Leadership Approach EssayVarious theoretical approaches have been conducted to determine the imp hazard of leading and the key attributes of effective leaders. The tailfin research approach comprise of the trait approach, behavior approach, power- wreak approach, smudgeal approach, and integrative approach. Although each approach has its merits and issues, the focus of this paper will be the built in bedal approach.OverviewThe situational leading approach views leadership in relation to a specific context. The study suggests that for every situation a specific leadership ardor is appropriate. In situational leadership, the factors that affect the leadership style include the situation, the organization, the followers, the timing and the nature of work (Yukl, 2010). By assessing these factors, leaders make decisions on their leadership style. In addition, situational leadership has two subcategories. The first one examines the comparison or differences of leadership withi n an organization. This study involves using comparison between situations and the differences or similarities between approaches.The second study evaluates the correlation between leadership traits, skills and attributes to leadership effectiveness (Yukl, 2010). Finally, the study by Paul Hersey and Kenneth Blanchard in 1969 provided a matrix of communication for utilisation in this type of leadership. The matrix recommends the use of four influence competencies such as telling or directing, selling, delegating and combat-ready. Each style is adapted to the followers maturity or cogency. The four styles suggest that leaders should put greater or less focus on the task in question and/or the relationship between the leader and the follower, depending on the maturement level of the follower (Changing Minds, 2012).Strengths and WeaknessesThe strength of the situational approach of research is that it provides a variety of study iterations, thus allowing for the researchers to cont rol certain parts of the study. Moreover, the situation is observable and results are easy to understand. Thus the study provides flexibility and control in modifying various factors within the control situation. For instance, by manipulating a certain control situation, researchers can review the leaders reactions and methods to resolving the issues put forward. The weaknesses of using this approach are that it contains too many variables. Endless numbers of variables can be factored in to a situation and thus, can create confusion in the study. Moreover, the approach does not clearly distinguish between leadership and management and given a situation, managers can act as leaders and vice versa without further clarification.Examples of Situational LeadershipSituational leadership exists in __________, a financial service firm, and the authors current employer. Situational leaders use four influence competencies such as telling or directing, selling, delegating, and participating. Each style must be applied to the appropriate situation being affect and the audience or group being addressed (Changing Minds, 2012). The examples will be based on the authors observations of her direct superior, the Senior Partner of the company, (Eric). As senior partner, Eric is in charge of the companys strategic direction. Thus, he delegates authority to various skilled and competent individuals. In everyday business, Eric uses the delegating and participating style.He understands that the branch managers and senior staff are skilled to handle every day issues. However, in times of uncertainty and stress, for instance, the possible stock securities industry decline, Eric shifts his style to more of a telling or directing style. This telling or directing style is typically used in lower competency and low trust group of followers. Even though Eric realizes that the senior staff members are well trained to handle stock market declines, Eric looks at the situation and modifies his behavior and communication style to a more directive leadership.ConclusionThe situational approach in studying leadership provides an overview of the use different traits, skills and communication styles in order to fit into the situation. Although this approach has its merits and weaknesses, it is the nearly widely used leadership study. Regardless of the approach used in study or leadership style, the most important factor is the leaders accountability for the outcome of the decisions made.ReferenceChanging Minds, (2012), Hersey and Blanchards Approach, Retrieved from http//changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/situational_leadership_hersey_blan chard.htmYukl, G. A. (2006). Leadership in organizations (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJPearson/Prentice Hall.